Facts on Coconut Plant, the Secret Revealed
Facts on Coconut Plant, the Secret Revealed
Coconut plant, which belongs to the family of palm plantation, best grows on the low land or along coastal regions in the tropical climate zone. Its branchless-single trunk stem supported with fibrous roots under the ground and with palm-formed leaves characterizes this plantation. It’s worth knowing that none of its parts remains useless. For the Javanese villagers, long-term investment begins with planting a plant of such kind apart from teak wood. No wonder these grow quite close to their house buildings rather than in a certain area.
1. The leaf
A cluster of leaves stems from hard part of its support. Each consists of many pieces comprising backbone or stick and its green soft leaf. Baby coconut leaves are badly needed for making such craft as wedding decoration and for covering traditional foods. Adult leaves are plaited to become building’s cover and the dried ones are used to set fire when cooking on a traditionally-made stove. Don’t leave its sticks. You can put them into a bunch tied and there you will have a stick broom to do the yard cleaning of the trashes.
2. The Fruit
Coconut farmers commonly make up their mind whether they grow the fruit or take its sap obtained by tapping inflorescences of various palms used to make sugar. When they take its fruits they commonly select the old to sell high price or the relatively young ones to mix with ice to drink. For the home industry, coconut is made cooking oil and some traditional foods. There are several kinds that derive from this. To fulfill daily family’s necessity, a coconut is grated and squeezed to make santan (coconut juice) come out. This juice is, in turn, used to make curry or mixed in the ice and syrup for the drink. The skin and shell of the fruit have many uses. You may make a mattress from the skin, or charcoal and craft from the shell. No questions, no part of the fruit’s worth discarding.
You can rarely observe when the plant flowers and in which part of the tree it is found. That is because that the plant is high and sometimes can reach up to some twenty meters. Yet, it is undeniable that gudeg manggar (Javanese traditional food) use this flower as the main ingredient, and was one of the most wanted cuisines. Dried and fallen manggar (flower) makes materials for setting a fire in the house works. The covers of the flower never miss being taken as a fire-setter material, too.
4. The Stem
If you ever spend your holiday in Yogyakarta, go the southern part and you will come to Bantul, a small town near the coastal plain where you see a huge number of coconut trees. There are still found some construction with a log of coconut stem. The old wood is strong enough, endures both the extreme climate and insect attack. Traditional rice pestles proved to have been made from the wood, too. People of Java call it ‘glugu’. Before being used in the construction, the chopped stem goes to a saw mills. Workers saw and form in various kinds of size. When you build a house and need some glugu, you may go to the mill and pay some for having them. The mill’s manager will deliver to your house on a chart. You can also take the advantage of the skin of the stem. It is called ‘tatal’. Tatal, by many people, is used as a fire-setter material.
Roots, which are fibrous, are used for setting a fire in homes when the day is cold. They are first exposed to the sun to get them dried. It usually takes no less than seven days until they are sent to a traditionally-made stove in homes.
6. Lowest Part of Stem
After being chopped, it commonly leaves the lowest part that’s buried under the ground. The Javanese call it ‘tunggak’. People use it as a material to make ‘kentongan’ (music instrument made of coconut stem). The process to make one has proved to be complicated. They have to plane, saw, and empty the inner part of it. When it is done, they carve and paint it. ‘Kentongan’ makers have been reported to be a side occupation that can give both extra income and artistic satisfaction. They need this instrument as a means of communication among the villagers when they practice night patrol. Occasionally, to broaden the news or accidentally-happened incidents like earthquake, flood, or man’s passing away, they may strike it in different tunes. That’s how they communicated in the past time one another.
The writer, hence, would also like to reason why Indonesia’s scouting take coconut bud to refer to the philosophy. It is aimed at the expectation that all young generation that takes part in the scouting should stand straight and firm, assimilate with the community, and give all users of what they potentially can bear.