Spanish Colonisation in the North of Morocco and its Impact on the Local Language
Spanish protectorate of Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between Spain and France. This treaty was the real beginning of Spanish colonialism on north of Morocco because the history of Spanish colonisation in Morocco is related to 1860. This treaty gave the right to Spain for controlling many regions as David mentioned in his book "Rebels in the Rif". The French-Spanish treaty of November 1912 had given Spanish Dominion over a jagged rectangle of land stretching Atlantic ocean to the West Malaya River close to the border of Algeria on the west from the Mediterranean Sea on the north to An irregular line about twenty-five miles north of the Wergha river in the south."
David S Wolman states that Spain divided its protectorate into five territories, which they are the jibala, Beni Hozmar tribes, beni sakkar tribes, beni zerwal tribes and small tribes called collectively All these tribes nearly 66 became the Spanish zone. Hence, Spanish colonisation had controlled all the tribes in north Morocco. Actually, Spanish colonisation came across many stages namely the Spanish presence in North Africa dates back to the late 15th century example of Geuta and Melila in 1492 and Tetuan in 1860 then the protectorate in 1912.